我的讀書方法 – My way of study

今天我要來跟大家分享一下我平時都怎麼應付學校功課,因為我是外國人的關係,當然有語言上的小隔閡,所以都必須要比其他同學更用心認真才可以達到一樣的效果
基本上大學有很多的科目,我自己會歸類成
1. 平時有去上課就可以通過的課 (意思是接近考試時衝刺就可以)
2. 平時有去上課也不一定過得了的課(意思是平常就要開始努力準備)
3. 平時沒去上課也可以通過的課 (?) 意思是講義自己讀一讀一樣效果的課

Today I would like to talk about how I normally manage my study in Germany. Since I am a foreign student here, of course I will have more difficulties than other local students. Therefore I would need to pay more attention to my study than others to reach the similar result.
Basically I can separate my subjects into 3 different categories.
1. You can pass if you have been to the class (Which means it is enough if you cram the study few days before the exam)
2. Even you visit the course regularly, you may not pass either
3. You can pass the exam even you seldom visit the course

我這一篇文章主要想要分享的大概是第二種的課程,也就是平時都要很努力準備的課,或許可以幫助到其他野在德國讀書的朋友們~

1. 每一堂課都一定要去上之外,還要拿手機錄音
有些教授是會特別觀察你有沒有出席的,雖然在我們學校沒有規定出席,但是因為班上人數不多,教授是可以記起來我們的名字的,因此出席率也成了一個隱形的淺規則,特別是某幾個教授,所以不管怎樣都要去上課!在課堂上也要努力表現,讓教授記住你!踴躍舉手回答問題,不要因為害怕答錯就不敢舉手!
除此之外,因為上課的速度很快,有時候連德國人都跟不上,所以很多人都會拿手機錄音,回家之後就可以重聽一遍,然後把所有筆記都寫清楚
這大概是最痛苦的之一吧,獨自一人在圖書館再把課程聽一遍,原本90分鐘的課程因為途中會一直按暫停寫筆記,常常聽完之後都過了2個小時…. 不過這件事真的非常重要,因為可以把很多不清楚的地方搞懂

In this article I will mainly talk about the second category, which is the most difficult one that you have to start preparing at the beginning. I hope this blogpost can also help other foreign student like me who has difficulties in study.

1. Besides visiting every course, recored the lecture as well.
Some of the professors would actually notice if you come to the course regularly or not, although the presence is not officially a part of the grades. My university size is pretty small, which mean professors can possibly remember our names. That’s why the presence became like a “transparent rule". I strongly suggest you to join every course if you can, during the course you should pay attention and try to answer as much questions as you can, so that the professor can recognize you. Don’t be afraid to raise you hand and ask questions just because your question might not be the best one ever.
Besides, the course goes usually so fast that not even the germans can understand every details. Many us of will recored the lecture so that we can listen to it again and try to understand everything which is important and write down all the notes. I guess this is one of the most difficult part for me. Studying alone in the library and listen to the records. It usually takes an age to finish one 90 mins lecture since I always stop it thousand times to take notes. Normally I need more than 2 hours for that. Even though it is not easy to do, it is very important and it did help me a lot! Because after that I can understand the course way way better!

下圖是我的dropbox資料夾,所有的課堂都有錄音,也會把所有的檔案分類整理
My Dropbox folder with all my records of lectures
Datei_000-2

2. 找到最適合自己的抄筆記方式
我自己個人是喜歡用紙筆抄寫,因為我覺得我在寫的過程中可以幫助我記憶,所以我都會把教授上傳到e-learning的講義印出來,然後直接寫在講義上,但是有些同學也是喜歡用電腦做筆記,熟悉的話是可以比用手寫來得有效率以及省錢環保
除了課堂筆記之外,回家之後的複習筆記也很重要,有很多不清楚的地方也需要上網查詢,所以就也要寫下來,我就讀的是經濟方面的學程,有很多不錯的youtube影片解釋得蠻清楚的
我自己是都會把筆記分章節分類,還有會安排這週至少要複習完到哪一個章節,每週給自己一個目標
在德國使用的筆記本都是一大本可以各科通用,我抄完筆記之後就會把那一頁撕下來然後歸類到那一科的資料夾裡,筆記本本身就有割線方便你撕下來之外,也有打洞了,所以蠻方便的!

2. Find the best way for you to take notes
For me, I like to write down my notes on the paper, because during the process of writing it can help me to remember. That’s why I always print out the handout from the professor and take my notes on it directly. Some of the students also take notes with their laptop, if you are good at it, it is actually economic and cheap.
Not only taking notes during the course, don’t forget to review after the class. There are always many open questions that you can to do some research online. I study economics, there are many useful Youtube video which can help you understand some difficult topics way easier and in a more interesting way.
I usually categorize my notes and plan weekly for what I want to achieve, give myself a goal every week.

Here are some examples about my notes.

下圖有一些我的筆記範例

課堂筆記(我都會把教授的講義印出來然後直接筆記在上面)
Notes during the lecture (directly on the lecture print-out)
DSC00251

公式或是一般的筆記
Notes after the course (Some formula)

DSC00247
這是上學期我最最認真的一門課
DSC00248
各種公式整理

DSC00250

在這裡很推薦大家使用分類標籤還有關鍵字,就可以迅速找到需要使用的章節
I really recommend everyone to categorize the notes with the capital and keywords, so that you can find the thing you need quickly!
DSC00249

練習題的部分
Exercises


Datei_000

 

3. 跟德國同學建立好關係,有不懂的地方就跟他們一起討論
有些時候,自己一個人單打獨鬥也找不出解答,所以這時候就可以找同學一起讀書解題,建立一種也可以互相幫助的關係!而且你會發現,不是因為我們是外國人就一定比較弱,有時候甚至我們還可以幫到德國同學們呢!在某些重要科目我跟同學都會開啟一個共同的dropbox資料夾還有whatsapp群組,這樣就可以互相分享檔案以及發問,這樣的好處是你就比較不會一直在同一個問題輪迴裡打轉
在快考試之前,對話記錄裡傳的照片大約都是這樣的感覺….如下圖
全部都是各種筆記答案等等等~

3. Build up a good relationship with you classmate, if you have any question just ask!
Sometimes, studying alone can’t really help you further, in this moment it is important to look for help, not only they can help you, maybe you can help them as well! You will surprisingly find out, it is not true that just because you are foreigner so you will know less than the local students, you are not that bad at all!
In some important subjects I will build a Dropbox and Whatsapp chat group with my classmates together, so that if anyone has questions they have a place to ask and exchange knowledge.
Look at my screenshot before the exam, all about the exercises and notes! :p
datei_000.png

4. 複習再複習
通常,教授都會給很多練習題,最好的情況就是把所有的都算一次,甚至兩次或更多,記得也要練習不看答案寫,因為寫起來的感覺會差蠻多的!重點就是要在考試之前把所有題目先搞懂,因為通常考試的內容不會跟給的練習題差太太太多(當然也是有例外啦…..)

4. review and review!
Normally you will get tons of exercise from your professor, in the best case you should do all of them at least once, or even more. Remember it is also important to do the exercise without placing the answers besides you, cause it is a totally  different feeling! Anyway it is really important to understand the question, cause normally the exam won’t be too big different from the exercise.

 

 

最後希望我這篇分享可以幫助到不知道學習要如何下手的朋友們~
如果有更詳細的問題都可以在我的臉書上向我詢問喔~ˋ

Last but not least, I hope this Blogpost could help those who has difficulties in study.
If you have more questions about more detail, you are welcome to send me a private message on Facebook 🙂

 

SABRINA, OCT 2017

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